Findings from the University of Nottingham have provided new insights into risk management (Putting sheep mange in its place: a more relational approach): risk management

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2022 Sep 07 (NewsRx) — By a News Reporter – Staff News Editor at Daily Insurance News — A new study on risk management is now available. According to reports from Loughborough, United Kingdomby NewsRx correspondents, the research said: “Since the reintroduction of sheep scabies into the UK, its prevalence has increased despite several industry-led initiatives to control and manage the disease. Some studies have suggested that initiatives or policies should instead focus on specific locations, such as high-risk geographic areas for sheep scabies, which could allow for a more targeted approach.

Financial support for this research came from Veterinary Drugs Directorate, UK.

Our editors got a citation from the research of the University of Nottingham“However, this sheep mange risk was measured in defined geographic areas, without reference to the interplay of topography, host, pathogen, and how humans socially and culturally define risk and location, potentially limiting the effectiveness of prevention initiatives. Therefore, the objective of this study was to understand how location influences sheep farmers’ approaches to identifying and managing scabies risk. sheep in their flocks.Qualitative data were collected from 43 semi-structured interviews with sheep farmers in England, Scotlandand Wales and was analyzed using the constant comparative approach. The codes were grouped into four concepts that influenced farmers’ decision-making strategies for sheep scab control: perception of place; risk identification; risk categorization; and risk management. These concepts served as an analytical framework to identify three different “places”: “uncontrollable places”, “liminal places” and “protective places”. Each location reflects a different sheep scab control strategy used by farmers and shaped by their perceptions of location and risk. The “uncontrollable locations” category represented farmers who were in geographically high risk areas for sheep scab and who experienced a high frequency of sheep scab infestations in their herds. The risk posed by their local landscape and neighboring farmers, who neglected to adopt preventative behaviors, made them feel unable to engage in effective risk management. Thus, they considered scabies to be uncontrollable. Farmers in the ‘liminal locations’ category were characterized as farmers located in areas of high risk for sheep scabies, but experiencing low levels of sheep scabies infestations. These farmers characterized the risks associated with sheep scab management in terms of the need to protect their reputation and felt more responsible for sheep scab control, which prompted them to take more protective measures. Farmers in the ‘places of protection’ category were characterized as working in low-risk areas and therefore experienced a low level of sheep scab infestations. These farmers also described their reputational risk and the responsibility they had to protect others. However, they have sought to rely on their geographically low risk of sheep scabies as their main source of protection and therefore have not always taken protective measures.

According to the news editors, the research concluded: “These findings suggest that location-based effects have significant impacts on the beliefs and behaviors of sheep keepers and should therefore be considered by policy makers when considering development of future strategies for the control of sheep scab”.

This research has been peer reviewed.

For more information on this research, see: Putting Sheep Scab In Its Place: a More Relational Approach. Preventive veterinary medicine2022;206. Preventive veterinary medicine can be contacted at: ElsevierRadarweg 29, 1043 Nx Amsterdam, Netherlands. (Elsevierwww.elsevier.com; Preventive veterinary medicine – http://www.journals.elsevier.com/preventive-veterinary-medicine/)

The news editors advise that additional information may be obtained by contacting Jasmeet Kaler, University of Nottingham, School of Medicine and Veterinary Sciences, Loughborough LE12 5RD, UK. Other authors of this research include Alice E. O. Smith, Charlotte Doidge, Fiona Lovat and Annmarie Ruston.

The direct object identifier (DOI) for this additional information is: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.prevetmed.2022.105711. This DOI is a link to a free or paid online electronic document, and can be your direct source for a journal article and its citation.

(Our reports provide factual information on research and discoveries around the world.)

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